Tuesday, October 22, 2019

Create Your Own Heirloom Photo Ornament

Create Your Own Heirloom Photo Ornament Holiday ornaments are more than decorations, theyre memories in miniature. Capture the special memories of favorite family members or ancestors by creating your own homemade photo ornament with these step-by-step instructions. Materials: Clear glass ornament (any shape size)Magic Bubble adhesive (or alternative*)Magic Bubble brush (or alternative*)Crystal glitter (very fine), powdered paint pigments (such as Pearl Ex), or shredded Mylar angel hair1/4 decorative ribbon for bow (optional) Note: Magic Bubble products are no longer available in local retail stores, or online. A similar effect can be achieved by using a craft glue such as Mod Podge that dries clear (mix two parts glue to one part water), a spray adhesive, or a clear acrylic paint such as  Ceramcoat. A disposable mascara applicator or even a Q-tip taped onto a thin stick can be substituted for the Magic Bubble brush. Instructions Carefully remove the flange from the top of your glass ornament and rinse the ornament with a solution of bleach and water (this helps prevent mold growth on the finished ornament). Place upside down on paper towels to drain. Let dry thoroughly.Select a treasured family photograph for your photo ornament. Use graphics software, a scanner, and printer, to enhance, resize, and print a copy of the photo on regular printer paper (do NOT use glossy photo paper - it wont conform to the glass ball very well). Alternatively, you can use a photocopier at your local copy shop to make copies. Dont forget to decrease the image size to fit your ornament.Carefully cut around the copied photo, leaving about a 1/4-inch border. If youre using a round ball ornament, make cuts into the edges of the copied photo every 1/4 inch or 1/2 inch, to allow the paper to fit smoothly on the rounded ball. These cuts will not show on the finished ornament.Pour some Magic Bubble adhesive into the ornament, being car eful not to get it on the neck. Tilt the ball to let the adhesive run until it covers the glass where the image will be placed. Roll the copied photo (image side out) into a roll small enough to fit into the ornament and carefully insert. Use the Magic Bubble brush to position the photo against the inside of the ornament and carefully brush over the entire photo until it has smoothly adhered to the glass. If youre unable to obtain the Magic Bubble brush, it looks like a small mascara wand or bottle brush - so feel free to substitute anything similar.If using glitter, pour more Magic Bubble glue into the ornament, and tilt the ornament to cover the inside completely. Pour out any excess. Pour glitter into the ornament and roll the ball until the entire inside of the ornament is covered. If you find youve missed a spot with the Magic Bubble glue, you can use the brush to add more adhesive to that spot. Shake out any excess glitter to avoid clumping.Allow the photo ornament to thoroughly dry. If you did not use glitter on the ball, you can now add shredded Mylar angel hair, decorative paper shreds, punched paper snowflakes, feathers, or other decorative items to fill the inside of the ball. Once the ornament is completed, carefully put the flange back on, pinching the wires to avoid damaging the ornament opening. Use a glue gun or white glue to attach a decorative ribbon bow around the neck of the ornament if desired. You may also want to attach a paper tag with the names and dates (birth death dates and/or the date the photo was taken) of the individuals in the photograph. Heirloom Photo Ornament Tips: If you plan to use your printer to print the photos, be sure the ink is water fast. Many inkjet printers use water-soluble ink, which will run if used in this project. If you arent sure, then have copies made at your local copy shop.This project works best on flat ornaments. When using round balls, be sure to clip the edges of the photo to help it fit the rounded ball, and make pinpricks in the photo to help eliminate air bubbles. Work slowly and be patient - this can be tricky with larger photos and round ball ornaments.If you make a mistake, tear a photo, etc. you always have the option of starting over. To reuse the ornament, rinse it out thoroughly with chlorine bleach, and let dry. Enjoy your special keepsake ornament! Please note: The Magic Bubble ornament is a patented technique by Anita Adams White which she graciously allowed us to share with you.

Monday, October 21, 2019

Regulation and Management in the Global Community The WritePass Journal

Regulation and Management in the Global Community WRITEPASS CUSTOM ASSIGNMENT WRITING DISSERTATION Regulation and Management in the Global Community ). As a result of this governance, the export levels have decreased and the employment levels have increased (Trading Economics, 2012). In general, the political situation in China is unstable, where the companies close their businesses. Economic As it has been stated in the previous paragraph, the unemployment rate has increased from 4% in 2008 to 4.1% in 2012 (Trading Economics, 2012). This is regarded to be pessimistic in the context of economic development. The country’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) is also not optimistic and has decreased from 2.5% in 2011 to 1.5%, further growing to 2.2% (Trading Economics, 2012). This might be interconnected with the decrease in exports as demonstrated in the paragraph above. Trading Economics, (2012) suggests that level of export is relatively sporadic, thus changing frequently. This implies that there is a general pattern of growth in the export levels; however, the pace of it is regarded to be slow. This has been driven by the recession, which has decreased the speed of export growth, in 2009.   The latest figures, as of July, 2012, demonstrated that the level of export is 1800 million USD per month (Trading Economics, 2012). China’s inflation rate is reported to be – 1.7% as of December, 2012. The average inflation rate is 4%, which the government prefers to retain (CNN Money, 2012). At this rate, the country experiences a healthy growth and economic development. However, the increase in the inflation rate implied that the prices for food increased dramatically. This suggests that the prices for food has increased to almost 2%, which affects the operations of businesses and general consumer confidence negatively (CNN Money, 2012). In a long term, there is a high risk of further inflation rate escalation, which may further worsen the economic growth and consumer confidence. Social It has been estimated that due to the political system in China, there are certain restrictions placed within the social area. It is especially attributed to the freedom of the word (Telegraph, 2012). This implies that the content on the Internet is being tracked, which suggest that there are certain restrictions placed on the content, that may be shared with others on the Internet. Another social aspect is attributed to the healthy lifestyle of the Chinese people. This is the actual lifestyle where the Chinese tend to consume only the fresh food and to be engaged in sports (Deseret News, 2012). With regard to nutrition, the main part of their meals are vegetables. This has been a traditional evolution of the Chinese nutritional culture (Deseret News, 2012).   Despite that, the analysts predict a great demand for fast food outlets. In 2002, only 2% of the Chinese were willing to visit the fast food outlets (Economist, 2002). The majority of fast food outlets are comprised of Western fast food outlets, namely 80%. The trend demonstrates that the Chinese are willing to consume luxury, trendy, innovative, modern and exotic products (Miller, 2004). This trend, in turn, drives the demand for fast food products. The teens are more prone to the adoption of this trend. This implies that they perceive the fast food outlets as fashionable and trendy (Eckhardt and Housto n, 2001). It is also associated with the design of the fast food outlets, especially of Western origin. For instance, the seating arrangement is for 2 people, which is characterized as more for dating purposes, contrary to the collective seating design for 8 people, which is more popular among the Chinese restaurants (Eckhardt and Houston, 2001). Technological China is regarded to be advancing in the Internet penetration. This implies that the rate of penetration in China is above average, namely 34.3% (China Internet Watch, 2012). China’s total broadband penetration rate has increased for 30% , thus totaling in 98.3% (China Internet Watch, 2012). However, despite this increased broadband penetration rate, the Internet speed is only 100.9 KB/s, which is quite low in comparison to the world’s average Internet speed (China Internet Watch, 2012). One of the most important advancements is attributed to the increase in popularity of Internet access through mobile phones. This suggests that 66% of Chinese consumers tend to access the Internet through mobile phones (China Internet Watch, 2012). One of the most critical aspects, related to the social media is the control over the content, which is posted online (Telegraph, 2012). This implies that the government is watching over what is posted online in alignment with the allowed content. As the sources suggest, it is not on the way of being changed in the future   the pattern (Telegraph, 2012). This suggests that the control over the content has become even stricter as a result. The breach of the rules may result in being taken to Court, since this is considered to be an offence (Telegraph, 2012) as official governmental sources depict, this is maintained in order to prevent the promotion of a pornography, unneeded panic and other types of accusations. The majority of social media websites have been already blocked as a result of the sensitivity of discussed political topics (Telegraph, 2012). Environmental From the environmental perspective, China is among the countries that produce the largest amount of CO2 emissions (BBC News, 2012). It   has been estimated that China is among the countries with high risk in the area of environmentalism. This suggests that China should adopt the strategies in order to become more environmentally concerned (BBC News, 2012). Given the large level of industrialization, the adoption of environmentally-friendly strategies should be integrated as the population of China becomes more environmentally concerned. This is illustrated in the recent demonstrations, that were produced in order to address the environmental problems in China (BBC News, 2012). One of the examples of civil protest was demonstrated in August 2011, where 12,000 people participated in the protest against the development of the chemical plant in Dalian, China (BBC News, 2012). Legal From the legal perspective, China’s government imposes a lot of restrictions on foreign companies. This has been mainly due to the fact that the Chinese economy has been closed for the investments for a long time. Even though, currently it has become opened for FDIs (Foreign Direct Investments), there are still restrictions imposed on the activities of foreign companies in China. It is important to have a knowledge about these differences in order to benefit from the management of foreign company’s operations. Cultural Differences According to Hofstede’s model, there are differences between the cultures that tend to affect the operations in the foreign countries. Given the entry to the Chinese market, the model should be applied to analyse the differences between the UK and China. The model is comprised of the evaluation of the following variables, namely power distance, long term orientation, uncertainty avoidance, masculinity/femininity, individualism/collectivism. As a result, it has been estimated that there are great differences in some of variables, namely power distance index, individualism/collectivism and long-term orientation (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). Power Distance index demonstrates that the British society is for the minimization of the inequalities among the different layers of society. However, the estimates are different among the working class and high society. This is specifically attributed to the fact that the British society has quickly been revolutionized, where the high society has lost its significance. Contrary to that, the Chinese strict hierarchical system is perceived to be a normal attribute of a corporate and community’s life. This suggests that the Chinese are used to the power abuse, as a result of a strong respect towards the superiors (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). Low rank in the individualism score demonstrates that China is a collectivistic culture. This implies that the people within Chinese culture tend to pursue the interests of the groups rather than their own interests. This also contributes to the increased respect towards old members of the family and superiors (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). This also affects the operations within the organization. This suggests that there is a low commitment to the company, whereas the relationships are not developed outside the circle of colleagues and/or friends. UK culture is regarded to be more individualistic. This implies that the members of this culture tend to be concerned solely about their own interests. The main concern in the British culture is the achievement of their own personal fulfilment as opposed to the collective thinking, which is practiced in China (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). With regard to long – term orientation, the UK is quite different from China. This suggests that the UK is a culture with short term orientation, thus suggesting a large focus on the quick results, in the context of business vision. This implies that there is no long term vision for companies, where the management tends to focus on â€Å"NOW† and â€Å"HERE†. China is quite different from the UK, since this culture is characterized by being long-oriented (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). This implies that the main postulates that are practiced in the culture are perseverance and determination. There is always a long term vision, which result in the investments being made in the long term projects. The main characteristic of this culture is that the decisions are based on the level of confidence, which is either full or none. Contrary to the UK culture, there are no probabilities in making the decisions. Masculinity index is regarded to be the same in both Chinese and British cultures, namely 66 points (Hofstede’s Official Website, 2012). This suggests that the score is quite high and the cultures are perceived to be masculine. This implies that the members of these cultures are success driven. The characteristics of ambition and large amount of work is anchored to both these cultures. The uncertainty avoidance is low in both British and Chinese cultures. This suggests that the members of these cultures are comfortable with living in the uncertain settings. This suggests that the members of these cultures are highly adaptable to the new settings since they are used to the uncertain situations. Recommendations As a result of the above demonstrated findings, there are some recommendations to address. First of all, given the large differences in both British and Chinese cultures, the market entry should employ the features of adaptation. This implies that the British fast food company should present the menus that would be adaptable to the tastes of the Chinese consumers. However, the elements of standardization should be visible, since the Chinese consumers are attracted to the innovative design, products and services (Chung, 2003). In order to appeal to the tastes of the Chinese consumers, it is also important to integrate the environmental program in order to demonstrate the integration of Corporate Social Responsibility strategies and tactics (BBC News, 2012). Given the popularity of environmental concern, this may result in the development of positive brand associations. Given the recent technology boom, the Internet might become the main medium for promotion and communication. However, the Internet related strategies must be analysed on the subject of content prior to integration, in order to avoid any legal issues. In general, the main market entry is proposed to be a joint venture, where the risks and benefits are divided 50/50. This strategy is perceived to be the most popular for entrance in the similar to Chinese markets (Kotler and Armstrong, 2010). The only major issue is attributed to the choice of the beneficial partner. This implies that there might be a dissonance in objectives of both companies. Therefore, the selection process must be carefully planned and enhanced research must be applied. Conclusion This report was developed in order to present the analysis of the external environment in China and possible recommendations and strategies, which are addressed on the basis of cultural differences. It has been estimated that there are a lot of differences between China and the UK. With regard to risks, Chinese political and economic system suggests that there are some risks however these are of a moderate character. As a result, the entry might be quite successful if maintained appropriately. The main areas of risks are attributed to the technological areas and possible legal issues, that might arise, as a result of the recent reforms. Finally, there are some concerns in the cultural areas. These suggest that there are differences in the hierarchical systems, long term orientation and individualistic characteristics. As a result, these should be considered when planning the market entry strategies. References BBC News. (2012). Viewpoint: The power of Chinas strolling eco-warriors. Available: bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-china-19987295 (Accessed on 02/01/13) China Internet Watch. (2012). China Internet Statistics Whitepaper. Available: chinainternetwatch.com/whitepaper/china-internet-statistics/ (Accessed on 02/01/13) Chung H. (2003). International Standardization Strategies: The Experiences of Australian and New Zealand Firms Operating in the Greater China Markets. Journal of International Marketing. Vol.11, Iss.3, pp. 48-82. CNN News. (2012). Inflation rises in China. Available: http://money.cnn.com/2012/12/09/news/economy/china-cpi-inflation/index.html (Accessed on 01/01/13) Deseret News. (2012). Life in Balance: Observing healthy lifestyle choices in China. Available: deseretnews.com/article/700216353/Observing-healthy-lifestyle-choices-in-China.html?pg=all (Accessed on 01/01/13) Economist. (2012). Cleaning up the Party. Available: economist.com/blogs/theworldin2013/2012/12/corruption-china?zid=306ah=1b164dbd43b0cb27ba0d4c3b12a5e227 (Accessed on 2//01/13). Economist (2002). Junk Food? 365 (8302), 63. Eckhardt, G.M. and Houston, M.J. (2002). Cultural paradoxes reflected in brand meaning: McDonald’s in Shanghai, China. Journal of International Marketing, 10 (2), 68-82. Hofstede’s Official Website. (2012). Available: http://geert-hofstede.com/united-kingdom.html (Accessed on 02/01/13) Kotler P., Armstrong G. (2010). Principles of Marketing. 13th ed., Pearson: USA Miller, P.M. (2004). Quick service hits China. China Business Review, 31 (4), 18-28. Telegraph. (2012). China tightens internet controls. Available: telegraph.co.uk/technology/internet/9769122/China-tightens-internet-controls.html (Accessed on 01/01/13) Trading Economics. (2012). Available: tradingeconomics.com/china/indicators (Accessed on 01/01/13) Yu Y. (2011). Foreign Portfolio Investment in Bric Countries. LAP Lambert: USA.

Sunday, October 20, 2019

Definition and Examples of Plots in Narratives

Definition and Examples of Plots in Narratives Every story that you read follows a series of events that range from the introduction of a conflict to begin the story and a final resolution at the end; this is the plot of your story. Basically, it’s what happens throughout the narrative, and it appears in in both fiction and non-fiction work. When you write a plot summary, you’ll essentially condense a novel into a short essay, touching on the key points of the material. You’ll want to introduce the main characters, setting of the story, and the main conflict of the narrative, including the five basic components of the plot: introduction, rising action, climax, falling action, and finally, a resolution. Some outlines will break down a plot into more segments (exposition, inciting incident, central conflict, rising action, climax, falling action, resolution) but the premise is the same - a pattern of rising and falling action that looks essentially like an arc  or a bell curve when you consider the level of drama the characters experience. Understanding and Introducing the Conflict To properly summarize a plot, start by figuring out the main problem that the story will solve. This could come from understanding the main characters, who are crucial components of the plot. Who are they and what are they trying to achieve? Most characters have a mission to accomplish, often it is finding, saving, or creating something or someone. Understand what drives the main characters, and that will help you in the first step to summarize the plot. The conflict that we discover at the start of the narrative will get kicked off by an inciting incident that triggers the rising action, which grows over time. In Shakespeare’s â€Å"Romeo Juliet† we are introduced to two characters from feuding families who ultimately fall in love. The conflict comes from their love for each other despite their families’ disapproval. Rising Action and Climax The rising action will introduce key components of a story that build upon the drama and conflict. This is where we see Romeo Juliet marry in secret, and Romeo Tybalt engage in a duel that ultimately leads to Tybalt’s death. Eventually, the action and conflict hit what is called the climax, the point of no return. This is the peak of excitement, fear, drama, or whatever the emotion is that relayed through the narrative. You’ll want to tie together the rising action and the catalyst for conflict. The climax could lead us on a journey of positive resolution or even a journey of tragedy, but it will often change the characters in some way and is the reason why the problem can now start to be solved. In Shakespeare’s story, there are essentially two points of climax: Romeo is banished and Juliet refuses to marry Paris. Falling Action and Resolution Finally, as you work your way back from the climax to the resolution, you’ll want to focus on how the main characters respond to the peak of action. Some aspect of the climax will trigger a response in the main characters which will drive them towards the final resolution. Sometimes, you’ll even find that the main characters learn a lesson and grow as individuals, but either way, the resulting actions shift the story and begin the falling action. Juliet drinks the potion which causes Romeo to believe she has died and kills himself. Upon awakening and discovering that her love has died, Juliet does the same. Eventually, the story will return back to the original baseline resulting in a final resolution. In â€Å"Romeo Juliet† the resolution isn’t that they both have died, but rather, the action their families take in response to their deaths, the end of the feud. Creating the Summary Remember that the plot is not the same as the theme of the narrative. If you’re not sure what the difference is between the plot of a story and the theme, you’re not alone. While the plot is what happens, the theme is the underlying idea or message within a story. The plot is concrete occurrences within the narrative, but the theme can be more subtle and even at times, implied. The theme can be harder to discern whereas the plot is more obvious. In Romeo Juliet, we see themes of love and hate that appear throughout the plot. Don’t forget, the key part of summarizing a plot is that you’re summarizing. You don’t need to include every detail that you encounter. When you read the text, it’s important to pay attention to what happens and where you see action coming into play, and write down key moments. Look for the basic information of who is involved, what are they doing, when are things happening, where is the action happening, and why? Take notes and even write down things that you’re not sure if they are vital at that moment, but seem interesting or important. When you finish the story, you’ll be able to review your notes and better understand what aspects of the narrative were most important and start to eliminate the notes that don’t enhance the plot. That way, when it comes time to summarize the plot, you can easily pare down your notes and have an outline of what happens and the crucial moments that represent each of the five components of the plot.

Saturday, October 19, 2019

Thinking in regards to a Child, Types of Language and Persuasion Essay

Thinking in regards to a Child, Types of Language and Persuasion - Essay Example Children can also enjoy this site for free but, their chance to maximize their fun is quiet limited so they need to sign up, but of course it has to be with a payment. The third site is for children who find fun in reading comics and books about their favorite cartoon and comic characters. They can also read for free, but like with the previous mentioned sites, they need to subscribe in order to ensure good read about comics and books of various choices. These sites have one thing in common; they certainly attract kids who have the affinity for cartoon characters and magical fantasies (Luckycharms.com, 2008; Marvelkids.marvel.com, 2010; Dckids.kidswb.com, 2011). This is the very vital persuasion that these sites used in order to entice children and catch up their attention. Children can play or read for free, but in the long run this eventually convinces them to ask for more and the only way to address their cravings is to sign up or subscribe with payment. The languages used are ver y familiar to children. For instance, various languages are stored in these sites which include but not limited to characters in action such as X-men, Batman, Hulk, Spiderman, Scooby-Doo, Looney Tunes, Lucky Charms and more. These are words that common and familiar among children who have the attraction for cartoon hero characters or renowned cartoon shows that eventually children followed in various TV programs, movies and other media. Other languages used include advertising icons that once a child clicks on it, it will redirect to actual game or subscription process. Privacy statement I do not think children would be attracted to privacy statement. What matters to them is to have fun and pursue excitement the way these sites are promoted rather than to understand a privacy statement except if their guardians or parents require them to do so. In the above mentioned sites there are no remarkable attractive icons for their privacy statement although all of them have placed it somewh ere below the webpage. This is vital information among guardians or parents in order to ensure the site their children are using adheres to various regulatory board requirements. Worrisome or offensive to parents Perhaps the offensive part of these sites could be found in the actual game or use of the featured products. These may include violent moves of the characters and so on. However, the worrisome part among parents would be in line with the purchasing of these products which particularly would include bank accounts, credit cards and other disclosure of essential and confidential information. Some children can do this among themselves even without their parents’ supervision. This may lead to susceptibility to hacking and disclosure of essential information to unreliable sources. Children’s Online Privacy Protection Act Kidswb.com is giving notice governing its collection and use of information in its site. Marvelkids.marvel.com on the other hand emphasizes its sta ndards met by â€Å"Children's Advertising Review Unit's Kid's Privacy Safe Harbor Program†. However, the Luckycharms.com only informs parents that its site is fun and safe for kids. These sites at some point or another may have informed parents about the level of online safety of the children. However, based on their privacy statement, it turns out that they have the prerogative to accept information and disclose it to other parties such

Friday, October 18, 2019

The rights and responsibilities that the Constitution gives American Research Paper

The rights and responsibilities that the Constitution gives American citizens - Research Paper Example It meant that a citizen, as a matter of right, cannot be arrested, detained nor its property be seized without justifiable cause and procedures. Each American has the right to the â€Å"due process of law that protects all these rights. The principle of due process clause is found in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments and states that no person shall be deprived of â€Å"life, liberty, or property, without due process of law† (Rights and Responsibilities of American Citizens). The principle of due process ensures that the laws must be fair and reasonable, must be in accordance with the Constitution, and must apply to everyone equally. b. Right to equality The right to equality is one of the crowning glories of American society where everybody has the same rights and privileges from where the lowest menial worker in the country has the same right and privilege of that of the highest officer or richest man in the land. The right to equality is guaranteed in the Fourteenth Amend ment. It meant that every citizen is entitled to the same equal protection of laws in the United States regardless of race, creed or political orientation. This right protects every American from discrimination and arbitrary treatment that ranges from work opportunities to availing of social services. c. Right to liberty This guaranteed right of each American made United States the proverbial â€Å"land of the free†. ... r the constitution Vote in federal elections Serve on a jury Bring family members to the United States Obtain citizenship for children born abroad Travel with a U.S. passport Run for federal office Become eligible for federal grants and scholarship These rights however come with a duty to ensure that such rights are enjoyed by every citizen and to ensure the perpetuity of the political condition that make the enjoyment of such rights possible. Duties are mandatory and are subjected to penalty under the law while responsibilities are done voluntarily and are a positive response from a citizen to contribute to the government and community that his or her enjoyment of rights may continue. Duties every American citizens Obey the law Pay taxes Defend the country Serve in court Attend school Responsibilities of every American citizen Know your right as a citizen that they may be preserved Respect the rights of others Serve the community II. Questions: a. To what extent does the Constitutio n protect the right of privacy?   The â€Å"right to privacy† is not literally stated in the Constitution of the United States. In fact, the word â€Å"privacy† cannot even be found. And so are other important rights like the right to marriage and family. It is because the constitution only spells out what the government can do what the people can do. The constitution limits or delineates the powers that the government is authorized to exercise. Examples of these are the prohibition of the authorities to keep a person in jail indefinitely without the benefit of a fair trial, nor can it search or seize properties without due process of law nor the government can enact laws that will abridge the rights of the freedom of speech, assembly, religion etch. This explains the absence of the literal

Questions for thought Assignment Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Questions for thought - Assignment Example It defines the kind of content that should not appear in the messages and the rights of the recipients. However, these laws have only been partially effective. As such, users have resorted to alternative means of preventing spams with an example being the use of the anti-spamming techniques embedded in products and software. In the current business setting, it is common to find enterprises allowing their employees to use their personal devices in their places of work to carry out work related duties. This practice, however, raises two major concerns, which include the privacy of information and misuse of company data. In order to ensure that the practice benefits the company rather than having detrimental effects, there is a need to have standards of practice in place. These will define the kind of device that can be used, how they are to be used and who can use it (Heary and Woland 56). In addition to this, employees should have specific credentials that allow them to access information. Finally it is imperative to ensure that the devices are only used to access information and not for storage purpose. This will prevent the material from reaching the wrong hand should the devices get lost. Cloud computing is a technique whereby by a group of remote servers and networks are used to facilitate storage of data in a central location. The data can then be accessed online by the company using the services (Voorsluys, Broberg and Buyya 23). This technology allows an organization to use computer systems as a utility rather than building their own infrastructure. It has been incorporated in several business practices, with the outcome being that it has freed the IT team from the duty of building or maintaining a computing infrastructure for the company. In addition to this, it has allowed the end users to spin up the existing computing resources without requiring the intervention of the IT

Thursday, October 17, 2019

Thawing permafrost Term Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1750 words

Thawing permafrost - Term Paper Example 99 percent of Greenland, 40 to 50 percent of Canada, and about 20 percent of Far East especially in China is permafrost. This distribution is affected by air temperature close to the ground and to a smaller degree the depth of snow, the direction the sun is facing, vegetation, types of soil, adjacent water bodies, and heat emanating from earth’s core. Permafrost may occur in any area with an annual average air temperature that is below freezing that is air temperature that is below 32F (0C) or what is commonly known as subzero air temperature. Snow on the surface of the permafrost, insulates and compliments the effective effect of the temperature of the air close to the ground, this results in air temperatures of up to 42.8 F, this might be higher than the local mean annual air temperature. The process of permafrost happen in millennia , this mostly happened during the ice age period and they include the contents of the ground before they were frozen such as solid rock, soft s oil deposits, gravel, and other organic materials in the soil. Introduction The occurrence of permafrost is not universal, that is the reason that permafrost are categorized into different zones, the categorization takes into account the percentage of land area covered by permafrost. The continuous permafrost zones contain permafrost that is 90 -100 percent of the land area; discontinuous zones have permafrost of between 50 to 90 percent ; sporadic permafrost have between 10 to 50 percent and finally isolated patches have underlying permafrost content of less than 10 percent (Salvatore et al. 76). In permafrost regions, the outlying layer is known as the active layer, it is on the surface of the soil, it usually thaws at the beginning of spring through the summer, attaining maximum depth in the late summer. At the onset of winter, the active layer freezes extending until very late in the season or just at the beginning of spring. The thickness of the active layer stretches from a me re 15 cm or less usually found in the coast of the Arctic coast to about 3 meters or even more in Southern Siberia, European Alps and in the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau. The thickness or depth of the permafrost from the permafrost table to the permafrost base is determined by two factors, first, active layer freezing; secondly, the heat emanating from the earth core, the unfrozen layer. Temperatures of permafrost at greater depths reveal unpredictability in climate conditions for extended time durations; this is because heat spreads gradually throughout permafrost. In addition, the report further says that the temperatures in the ground implies the inconsistency in the air temperature, but becomes increasingly inactive with increasing depth. Temperatures of the permafrost are not affected by seasonal variations, such as summer and winter, at all. The mean annual ground temperature that are below the depth of zero annual amplitude reflect past and present long term in changes in mean cli mate conditions or regimes(Woods and Alter 92). The depth of zero annual amplitude varies from a few meters in discontinuous permafrost zones to over 20 meters in continuous permafrost regions (Thomas and Andrew 365). The purpose of this paper is to attempt to have a deeper understanding of the concept of permafrost thawing, and the consequences of such an eventuality; on the people and the environment. The impacts of permafrost thaw Thawing of permafrost results in